E.E. Hernández-Vázquez, S. López-Moreno, F. Munoz, J. L. Ricardo-Chavez, and J. L. Morán-López. «First-principles study of Mn 3 adsorbed on Au (111) and Cu (111) surfaces.» RSC Advances 11, 31073 (2021). https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2021/RA/D1RA05714F

A theoretical study of the Mn trimer adsorbed on the noble metal surfaces Au(111) and Cu(111) is reported. The calculations were performed using first-principles methods within the density functional theory and the generalized gradient approximation in the collinear and non-collinear magnetic phases. The system was modeled by considering a surface unit cell of 25 atoms to improve the trimer’s isolation on the surface. We evaluated the trimer as a linear chain and forming triangular structures. The triangular trimer can be adsorbed in two possible configurations, above an empty surface triangle site (Δ) or on a triangle with a surface atom at the center in a hexagonal structure (H). The difference is the coordination of the Mn with surface atoms. We studied the antiferromagnetic (AF), ferromagnetic (FM), and non-collinear (NC) magnetic cases. As a result, the lowest energy configuration on both metals is the AF^{Δ} configuration, which has an isosceles triangle shape. In comparison, the NC and the FM configurations adopt an equilateral geometry. The same trend was observed for the H configurations, but they are less bonded. The results are supported by calculating the spin-polarized electronic structure and the electronic charge transfer. Finally, we computed the energy barriers that inhibit the transformation of the linear chain to a delta Mn trimer on both substrates.